PULKAU, small town in Lower Austria; it became notorious in the 14th century as the scene of a host desecration libel, which was followed by a wave of massacres of the Jews. A bleeding Host was allegedly found concealed in front of a Jew's house on Easter Sunday, April 12, 1338, the day following the last day of Passover. Rumors spread that the Host had performed miracles; crowds came to venerate it, and on April 23 they burned the Jews at the stake and plundered their property. The disorders spread, and Jews were massacred in 27 localities as far away as jindrichuv hradec (Neuhaus) in Bohemia, trebic (Trebitsch) in Moravia, and St. Poelten. Duke Albert II expressed his doubts about the accusation and asked Pope Benedict XII for an investigation. The pope ordered the bishop of Passau to conduct an inquiry, but its results are unknown. A church called Zum Heiligen Blut ("The Holy Blood") was built on the site; decorated with representations of the alleged occurrence, it attracted many worshi pers throughout the years. The pictures were later painted over. The site where the Jews were burned is well marked. At the time of the massacres, Jewish books were confiscated; possibly some of the parchment manuscripts confiscated in 1338 were utilized for binding city records in 1622 and 1623. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J.E. Scherer, Rechtsverhaeltnisse der Juden, 2 (1968), 363–9; Germania Judaica, 2 (1968), 665–7. (Meir Lamed)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pulkau — Pulkau …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pulkau — Pulkau, Marktflecken in Niederösterreich, Bezirksh. Oberhollabrunn, am Mannhartsberg, am Pulkabach und an der Linie Zellerndorf Sigmundsherberg der Österreichischen Nordwestbahn, hat eine alte Kirche, Weinbau, Essigfabrikation und (1900) 1874… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pulkau — Infobox Town AT name=Pulkau name local= image coa = state = Lower Austria regbzk = district = Hollabrunn population =1558 population as of = 2001 population ref = pop dens = area = 36.66 elevation = 289 lat deg=48 lat min=42 lat hem=N lon deg=15… …   Wikipedia

  • Pulkau — 48° 42′ N 15° 51′ E / 48.7, 15.85 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pulkau — Sp Pùlkau nkt. Ap Pulkau L mst. ir u. Austrijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Pulkau — Original name in latin Pulkau Name in other language State code AT Continent/City Europe/Vienna longitude 48.70484 latitude 15.86031 altitude 260 Population 0 Date 2011 07 31 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Pulkau (Fluss) — PulkauVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt Lage Niederösterreich Flusssystem March → DonauVorlage:Infobox Fluss/FLUSSSYSTEM falsch Vorlage:Infobox Fluss/ABFLUSSWEG fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pulkau — ř. AT Pulkava …   Wiener Dialektwörterbuch

  • Liste der denkmalgeschützten Objekte in Pulkau — Die Liste der denkmalgeschützten Objekte in Pulkau enthält die 49 denkmalgeschützten, unbeweglichen Objekte der Gemeinde Pulkau, die durch den § 2a des Denkmalschutzgesetzes und die 16, die per Bescheid unter Schutz gestellt wurden.[1]… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Passendorf (Gemeinde Pulkau) — Wappen Karte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”